Concertino is a musical composition that features a solo instrument, accompanied by an orchestra or a smaller ensemble. The term concertino is derived from the Italian word “concerto,” which means “concert.” However, a concertino usually differs from a concerto in that it is shorter and less demanding on the soloist. Nevertheless, concertinos can still be virtuosic and impressive showcases for a skilled soloist.
Historically, the term “concertino” was used to describe a group of instruments or soloists that played within a larger ensemble. The concertino would often engage in dialogue with the rest of the group, creating a dynamic musical conversation. Later, in the Baroque and Classical periods, the term began to refer more specifically to a soloist with accompaniment.
Many famous composers have written concertinos throughout history, such as Mozart, Haydn, and Vivaldi. Some well-known concertinos include Vivaldi’s “Concerto Grosso,” Op. 3 No. 11, and Mozart’s “Piano Concerto No. 19 in F Major,” K. 459. Today, concertinos are still popular in classical music but can also be found in other genres, such as jazz and pop.